Dialling code: +389 (0)2
Postal code: 1000
License plates: SK 000-XX
Coordinates: 42°0′N, 21°26′E
City Patron: Virgin Mary
Skopje, the capital of the Republic of Macedonia is a political, economic, social, university and cultural centre of Macedonia. The seat of the Skopje municipality is located in the northern part of the country, in the Skopje valley, on the banks of the biggest Macedonian river Vardar. The town has a population of approximately 700 000 inhabitants, and lies at an altitude of 240-350 meters above sea level. The climate is a modified continental climate with slight marine influences along the Vardar valley. As far as tourism is concerned, several significant motorways which pass through the region are of particular importance, such as the motorway leading from Belgrade towards Thessaloniki and Greece, and from Bulgaria via Kriva Palanka, Kumanovo and Skopje towards Ohrid and Albania. The touristic value is supplemented by the main airport in Skopje and railroad transportation which passes through the city, connecting Belgrade and Thessaloniki.
Panoramic view to the old part of Skopje and the Skopje's Fortress
Situated in the northern part of the country, but in the middle of the Balkans, Skopje was the crossroad between the East and the West during all historic epochs. The earliest traces on the territory of Skopje trail back to the Neolithic, but the first urban settlements are from around the 4th century BC with citizens who were a mixture of local residents of Paeonian and Dardanian origin. Later, Skopje region as well as the entire Macedonia fell under Roman reign. In the 1st century AD, 5 km from today’s city centre, the ancient city of Skupi developed as an early Roman legionary camp. In the 518, an earthquake demolishes Skupi and the Slavic attacks started. During the Middle Ages, Skopje and this region was under frequent sieges by the states of Byzantium, Bulgaria and Serbia. Macedonian feudalistic people (Czar Samoil, King Volkashin and Marko) also reign but for a certain period of time. During the Ottoman reign (15th-20th centuries) the centre of the city was The Old Town with all monumental architectural mixture of churches, mosques, inns and baths. After the Balkan Wars of 1912 which forced the Turks out of Skopje, the city fell under Serbian rule. After World War II, Skopje became the capital of the Socialistic Republic of Macedonia. In 1963, another catastrophic earthquake struck Skopje, after which the city was rebuilt. Today Skopje is a beautiful and modern city with many preserved historical monuments all particularly interesting for the tourists.
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Day and evening services run approximately 05:00 - 23:00 with a limited service throughout the night on all of the major routes. Tickets are based on a zone system, with the city centre as Zone 1. For more information see JSP’s : www.jsp.com.mk.
Skopje’s taxi service is relatively cheap and well organized. You can take taxis directly from the street or but phoning. Dial +389-2 in front of the numbers below if you’re calling from your mobile phone. Most of the operators speak English language.